SAF 2304 Duplex Stainless Steel

Standards:SAF 2304 ASTM A789 / A790           Grade(UNS):S32304           Type:Duplex Stainless steel

Navigation Table

SAF 2304 Duplex Stainless Steel Charactistics

SAF 2304 duplex stainless steel is a duplex stainless steel developed by Sweden.

2304 stainless steel treatment temperature is about 1000 ℃, with 40% – 50% ferrite and 50% – 60% austenite, which has the characteristics of duplex stainless steel.

It is a kind of steel with high strength and low cost, which can replace 304L stainless steel and 316L stainless steel.

SAF 2304 duplex stainless steel

2304 stainless steel chemical composition


Heat treatment

Fast cooling at 930 ~ 1050 ℃ for solid solution

2304 Standards

  • UNS:S32304
  • BS-EN:1.4362
  • EN Name:X2CrNiN23-4
  • No:1.4362
  • DIN:X 2 CrNiN 23 4
  • SS:2327


  • High strength
  • High toughness
  • Low cost
  • Good mechanical properties
  • Good corrosion resistance


SAF 2304(S32304) stainless steel has good mechanical, physical properties, stress corrosion resistance, and good weldability. This makes it possible to replace 304, 304L, 316, 316L, and other austenitic stainless steels.

It can be used to manufacture recycling equipment, fermentation equipment, etc.

Also, it can also be used as a heat exchanger for the manufacturing industry, preheating for the pulp and paper industry, train seat frame, etc.

Mechanical Properties

Yield strength (Rp0.2 / MPa)≥577
Tensile strength (Rm / MPa)≥685
Impact (Kv / J)31
Elongation (A / %)22
Density7.8 g/cm³
Hardness (HB)321


Cold forming

The forming temperature range is 950-1100 ℃, and quenching treatment is conducted after forming.

Heat treatment

The forming method is the same as that of austenitic stainless steel, and it is difficult to start deformation. After reaching the yield limit, the deformation is the same as that of austenitic stainless steel. The deep drawing and other forming of SAF 2304 duplex stainless steel is more difficult than that of austenitic stainless steel.


The treatment temperature is 950-1050 ℃. The stress relief annealing temperature is 550-600 ℃.

Our duplex stainless steel grades

Duplex stainless steel is a kind of stainless steel composed of ferrite and austenite. The ferrite content is about 50%, and the austenite content is about 50%. This kind of steel has the characteristics of both austenitic stainless steel and ferritic stainless steel.

Duplex stainless steel pipe is one of the main products of our company. It has good corrosion resistance and welding performance. Widely used in steel, smelting, petroleum, chemical, marine equipment and other industries.

Because of the high strength of duplex stainless steel, it can save material, such as reducing the wall thickness of the pipe.
  1. Oil pipe in oil and natural gas industry
  2. Crude oil desalting
  3. Sulfur-containing gas purification
  4. Wastewater treatment equipment in refinery
  5. Cooling system using brackish water or chlorine solution
  6. Read More

Duplex stainless steel has almost twice as much yield strength as austenitic stainless steel, excellent corrosion resistance and weldability, and is widely used in various fields. Read more about the properties of duplex stainless steel

Ask Your Alloy Partner

Require Now