What is the difference between 316 vs 410 stainless steel ?

316(CF8M) and 410(CA15) are stainless steels for a wide range of applications. 316 is austenitic stainless steel, 410 is martensitic stainless steel, there are some differences between them. Now we are make a comparison between 316 and 410 stainless steel.

316 vs 410 stainless steel

316 vs 410 stainless steel properties

GradeCCrFeMnMoNiNPSiS
3160-0.0816.0-18.062.0-72.00-2.02.0-3.010.0-14.00-0.10-0.0450-0.750-0.03
4100.08-0.1511.5-13.583.5-88.40-1.000-0.7500-0.0400-1.00-0.03

316 vs 410 stainless corrosion resistance

Cr content is an important factor to judge the corrosion resistance of alloy steel. The Cr content in 316 is 16-18%, while the Cr content in 410 is about 11.5-13.5. Therefore, the corrosion resistance of 316 stainless steel is greater than 410 stainless steel. However, the 410 stainless steel contains at least 11.5% Cr, sufficient to provide corrosion resistance. After quenching and tempering, relatively considerable corrosion resistance can be obtained

316 vs 410 stainless steel

316 vs 410 stainless steel tensile strength

 HardnessBreak elongationFatigue strengthTensile strengthYield Strength
316160-3608.0-55.0210-430520-1180230-850
410190-24016.0-22.0190-350520-770290-580

It can be seen in the table that the tensile strength of 316 stainless steel is 520-118, and the tensile strength of 410 stainless steel is 520-770. The yield strength of 316 stainless steel is 230-850, while that of 410 stainless steel is 290-580. 316 stainless steel can be used in a wider range of fields, while 410 stainless steel has higher stress, suitable for some specific strength occasions.

316 vs 410 stainless steel cost

Because 316 stainless steel contains a lot of molybdenum, so the price of 316 stainless steel is higher than 410 stainless steel. 316 stainless steel is better suited to work in corrosive environments.

316 vs 410 stainless steel applications

Applications for 316 Stainless Steel

  • Stainless steel pipe and wear resistant pipe
  • Marine parts
  • Chemical industry
  • Pharmaceutical and medical equipment
  • High temperature casting
  • Structural steel and forgings in marine environment

Applications for 410 Stainless Steel

  • Kitchen utensils (knives and forks)
  • Home appliance equipment
  • decoration
  • Automobile exhaust system
  • Bolt and nut
  • Pump rod

Compared with 410 stainless steel, 316 stainless steel has stronger corrosion resistance and weldability, and is used more widely. But it is also more expensive. 316 stainless steel in rust and corrosion resistance is far better than 410 stainless steel, but in some special occasions, 316 stainless steel can not replace 410 stainless steel

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